Business Studies Part I
Business Studies Part II

Aspects of Staffing

There are three important aspects of staffing:

  • Recruitment: Recruitment is a positive step which aims at attracting number of candidates to apply for the given job. The higher the number of people who apply for a job, the higher will be the possibility of getting a suitable employee.
  • Selection: Selection, on the other hand is a negative process in which a person is selected and the others are rejected. It aims at selecting the most rateable person out of the candidates who have applied for the job.
  • Training: Training is concerned with up gradation of the knowledge and skills of the employees so that their ability to perform can be enhanced.

It needs to be kept in mind that several factors such as supply and demand of specific skills in the labour market, unemployment rate, labour market conditions, legal and political considerations, company’s image, policy, human resource planning cost, technological developments and general economic environment etc., will influence the way recruitment, staffing and training will be actually carried out.

  1. Staffing is the function of management which is being referred to in the above lines. The managerial function of staffing is concerned with obtaining and maintaining a satisfactory and satisfied workforce.
  2. The step in the process of staffing which has already been carried out is Estimating manpower requirements.
    Estimating the Manpower Requirements: It is the first step in the staffing process and is carried out with the help of workload analysis (assessment of the number and types of human resources necessary for the performance of various jobs and accomplishment of organisational objectives) and work force analysis (assessment of the number and type available).
    The next three steps to be performed after estimating manpower requirements are described below:
    • Recruitment: Recruitment may be defined as the process of searching for prospective employees and stimulating them to apply for jobs in the organisation.
    • Selection: Selection is the process of choosing the best candidate from the pool of applicants.
    • Placement and Orientation: Placement refers to the process of giving the charge of the job for which they have been appointed. Orientation may involve a series of activities related to introducing the new employee to other employees and familiarising him with the rules and policies of the organisation. Moreover, he is taken around the workplace and made aware of the fire safety policy , canteen, conference room etc.