Development Experience (1947-90) & Economic Reforms since 1991
Current Challenges Facing Indian Economy
Development Experience of India

Occupational Structure

Occupational Structure refers to the aggregate distribution of  occupations in society, classified according to skill level, economic function, or social status. “

Occupational structure of India on the eve of independence.
  • The agricultural sector accounted for the largest share of the workforce at a high of 70-75%.  It indicates a backward occupational structure.
  • The manufacturing and the services sectors accounted for only 10% and 15-20% respectively.
  • There was growing regional variation, parts of the Madras Presidency(comprising areas of the present-day states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Karnataka), Bombay and Bengal witnessed a decline in the dependence on the agriculture sector and a commensurate increase in the manufacturing and the services sectors. 
  • However, there had been an increase in the share of the workforce in agriculture during the same time in states such as Orissa, Rajasthan and Punjab.