Business Studies Part I
Business Studies Part II

Principles of Scientific Management

According to Taylor, there are some Principles of Management. These are as follows:

  1. Science not Rule of Thumb: Taylor pioneered the introduction of the method of scientific inquiry into the domain of management practice. We have already referred to the limitations of the rule of thumb approach of management. Taylor believed that there was only one best method to maximise efficiency. This method can be developed through study and analysis. The method so developed should substitute ‘Rule of Thumb’ throughout the organisation. Scientific method involved investigation of traditional methods through work-study, unifying the best practices and developing a standard method, which would be followed throughout the organisation.
  2. Harmony, Not Discord: Factory system of production implied that managers served as a link between the owners and the workers. Since as managers they had the mandate to ‘get work done’ from the workers.
  3. Cooperation, Not Individualism
    • This principle is an extension of principle of ‘Harmony Not Discord’
    • There should be complete cooperation between the labour and the management instead of individualism.
    • Competition should be replaced by cooperation and there should be an almost equal division of work and responsibility between workers and management.
    • Also, management should reward workers for their suggestions which results in substantial reduction in costs.
    • At the same time workers should desist from going on strike and making unreasonable demands on the management

Development of Each and Every Person to His or Her Greatest Efficiency and Prosperity

      • Taylor was of the view that the concern for efficiency could be built in right from the process of employee selection.
      • Each person should be scientifically selected and the work assigned should suit her/his physical, mental and intellectual capabilities.
      • To increase efficiency, they should be given the required training.
      • Efficient employees would produce more and earn more. This will ensure their greatest efficiency and prosperity for both company and workers.

Principles of scientific management are given by FW Taylor. These are as follows:

  1. Science, Not Rule of ThumbWhen different managers use their own different methods to get the work done it is rule of thumb. Taylor believed that there was only one best method maximise efficiency. Taylor advised that every organisation should compare the results of different methods, test them again and again and finally select one best method of getting the work done.
  2. Harmony, Not DiscordManagers are an extension of the management and serve as a link between workers and the owners. Workers have to take the instructions from the managers and managers have to get the work done through the workers. Sometime the relation between them is spoilt, which is very harmful tor everyone-workers, managers and owners. This class conflict should be replaced by harmony between the two. Both should change their thinking towards each other. This is known as mental revolution.
  3. Co-operation, Not IndividualismThere should be complete co-operation between the labour and the management instead of individualism. This principle is an extension of principle of harmony, not discord. The management and the workers should not compete with each other rather co-operate with each other. Management should consider all good suggestions made by the employees which can help in cost reduction. At the same time workers should never think of going on strikes in order to get their unreasonable demands fulfilled.
  4. Development of Each and Every person to His or her Greatest Efficiency and ProsperityScientific management also stood for worker development. Taylor believed that workers should be aware of the ‘best method’. On the other hand, all organisations should select employee carefully in order to get maximum efficiency. When the duties are allotted, perfect match should be made between the requirements of the job and the capabilities of the worker. Training should be provided to improve the skills further. In this way, efficiency will go higher resulting in prosperity for both workers and company.