Business Studies Part I
Business Studies Part II

Training and Development

Training: Definition
Training is the process of increasing the knowledge and skill of the employees to perform specific jobs.

Development: Definition
Development is the process of the overall growth of a person in all aspects.

Benefits of Training to the Organization

  • Training imparts systematic learning to employees thereby helping to avoid wastage of efforts and money and is considered better than the hit and trial method.
  • It increases the employees’ productivity both in terms of quantity and quality, leading to higher profits.
  • Training increases the morale of the employees and reduces absenteeism and employee turnover.
  • It helps in obtaining effective response to fast changing environment – technological and economic.
  • Training equips the future manager who can take over in case of emergency.

Benefits of Training to the Employee

  • Training leads to better career of the individual due to improved skills and knowledge during training.
  • It helps an individual earn more due to increased productivity.
  • It makes the employee more efficient in handling machines and less prone to accidents.
  • It increases the satisfaction and morale of employees.

Methods of Training:

    1. Internship Training is a method for providing on the job training to the employees through a joint programme in which educational institutions and business firms cooperate. The learners carry on with their regular studies for the prescribed period. They also work in some factory or office to acquire practical knowledge and skills related to their specific field of expertise.
    2. Vestibule training is a popular method for providing off the job training through which the trainees learn their jobs on the equipment they will be using at tKeir actual work place. This is usually done when employees are required to handle sophisticated machinery and equipment.
    3. Induction training is given to the new employees in order to familiarise them with the key employees of the organisation and give information about the working of the organisation.
    4. Apprenticeship training is provided to the people seeking to enter skilled jobs like plumbers, electricians or iron workers. They are provided training under the guidance of a master worker.

Differences between Training and Development:







It is a process of increasing knowledge and skills.

It is a process of learning and growth.



It is to enable the employee to do the job better.

It is to enable the overall growth of the employee.



It is a job-oriented process.

It is a career-oriented process.


Level of employees

It is suitable for the employees at the lower level.

Developmental programmes are designed for middle and top level managers.



  1. Induction training is being referred to in the above lines.
  2. The various types of human needs of the new employees that are being fulfilled by Anuroop through induction, training are stated below:
    • Basic Physiological Needs: These needs are most basic in the hierarchy and are linked to primary needs like hunger, thirst, shelter etc. “they are given details about hours of work, holiday requests, sickness procedure, dress code, lunch arrangements etc.”
    • Safety/Security Needs: These needs offer security and protection from physical and emotional harm. “They are also familiar with the organisation’s policies and procedures, including complaints and dispute resolution, sexual harassment, emergency exits and evacuation procedure.”
    • Affiliation/Belonging Needs: These needs refer to affection, sense of belonging, acceptance and friendship. “Whenever the firm hires any new employees, on the first day of their joining, they are welcomed to the organisation.”